What is Mutual Fund | Basics

Basics of Mutual Fund, Opportunities of MF schemes and Learn types of MF investments. The amount deposited by a large number of investors is called a mutual fund, which is put into a fund. The fund manager uses his investment management skills to invest this money in various financial instruments. Mutual funds invest in many ways, which determines their risk and returns. When many investors invest in a fund together, the fund is divided into equal parts called unit.

For example, suppose some friends want to buy a piece of land together. The price of a piece of land of hundred square yards is one lakh rupees. Now if you divide this fund into units of ten rupees then 10,000 units will be formed. Investors can buy as many units as they wish, according to their investment capacity. If you have only one thousand rupees for investment then you can buy a hundred units. In the same proportion, you too became the owner of that investment (land).

Now suppose that the value of this one lakh investment has increased to one hundred and twenty thousand after one month. Now, according to this investment, the unit price will be calculated, then the unit of ten rupees has now become twelve rupees. The investor who bought a hundred units in one thousand rupees, according to the twelve rupees per unit, now his investment (100×12) has been Rs. 1200.

Based on the amount invested by you as an investor, how many units you own. Therefore, an investor can also be known as a unitholder.

With this, you can see that an investor who can not make big investments, has the facility of investing in small units. Apart from this, the biggest benefit of Mutual Fund MF is that an investor who does not have much information about the market leaves his investment in the hands of experts. These experts determine where, how and when to invest.

Mutual funds can be invested in many ways. To know more read here

Also, It is very important for you to understand what is NAV if you want to invest in a Mutual Fund

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NAV in Mutual Funds and Explanation

It is very important for you to understand what is NAV if you want to invest in a Mutual Fund.

By investing in Mutual Fund Mutual Fund, your investment is in the hands of experts and in this way you can reduce the risk of direct investment in the stock market. Today, we will learn here that what is the NAV in the MF, how it is counted and how important it is.

Net Asset Value, or NAV, means directly the value of the total property. Net asset value, or NAV, in any of the Mutual Fund funds, after deducting the liabilities from the total value of all the shares of the portfolio, including cash, the outstanding balance is obtained by dividing it by the total number of units remaining.

NAV fund is per unit’s total asset value (excluding expenditure) and at the end of each day’s business, it is calculated by the asset management company (AMC) of that fund. On any given day, if that MF is terminated, then the unit holder of that mutual fund will get the price for each unit instead. In a way, the NAV is the book value of any mutual fund unit.

Most of the unit’s base value in the Mutual Fund Mutual Fund is Rs 10 or 100 rupees. In each business day, the NAV curve of the unit increases according to the market value of the fund’s portfolio.

NAV refers to the growth of the unit of a mutual fund mutual fund. If you invest Rs 12 per unit in a fund at NAV and after one year, if the NAV of that unit goes up to 15 rupees per unit then that fund has 25% growth. It is not right to believe that the mutual fund with lower NAV will give good returns and more NAV fund will give fewer returns.

Types of Mutual Funds read here.

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What are the best ways to find best mutual funds for beginners

Usually, people find best mutual funds schemes by looking into star ratings through websites like moneycontrol or valueresearchonline. Or sometimes we look into rankings of the best fund schemes which has given best returns in the previous 3 to 4 years.

But such cases for highly rated fund scheme managers need to be more responsible for such huge investments from customers and this leads him to compromise on the stocks he selects in the future.

So it is not predictable that the schemes which have the good track record till date will perform better in the future.

To pick the best mutual fund schemes go through these points mentioned below,

  1. The fund which has the best track record on the basis of consistency, with which safe track record rather than risky.
  2. Check for the fund manager previous track records also check if the fund manager changed for a particular mutual fund scheme. If a fund manager handles 5 funds and he is managing 3 or 4 funds better out of 5, then we can consider him he is good at managing fund schemes.
  3. Best return without risk track records are important.
  4. Large caps with a big percentage of return is more important than mid-cap/small-cap fund with a small percentage of returns.

 

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